WWI Resources for the Classroom: The Remembering WWI App and DocsTeach.org
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WWI Resources for the Classroom: The Remembering WWI App and DocsTeach.org


Hello, everyone. Greetings from the National Archives in Washington, DC. My name is Katie Munn and I am an education specialist here. We are so excited that you are joining us tonight for our webinar, World War One Resources for the Classroom: The Remembering World War One app and DocsTeach.org. I am so excited to be joined by Kerri Young
Engagement Manager at Historypin in San Francisco. Thank you for being here tonight Kerri. Looking at our poll results it looks like
you teach this topic in a variety of wonderful ways. Whether looking at primary sources, conducting simulations, through lectures and textbooks, videos, There are a lot of wonderful resources out
there. We hope after tonight’s webinar you will leave with more tools in your tool box for approaching this topic in your classroom in an engaging
way. We are going to start by looking at Remembering World War One, which is an app that invites audiences to
explore collaborate and engage with the Archives’ extensive collection of World War One moving and still images. This app is part of a national collaborative
effort with Historypin so I’m going to hand it over to Kerri to give us an overview of
this application. Cool. Okay. Let me just start to share my screen here. So you all can see. There is my presentation hopefully you all
can see that. Let me bring it full screen as well. So, yes I wanted to give you a quick background on remembering World War One and the war time films project that it is a part of. Since the public launch of the app on April
6, we have been continuing to add features and improve it based on audience user testing from teachers out there such as yourselves. And now we just want to be able to share it
as widely as possible. We are really proud of what we have been able to create over the past year, and the app is now free and available as a fantastic tool
that’s really as Katie mentioned helping to provide greater access and increase local
reuse of all of the National Archives World War One content that’s being digitized. And just for purposes of not saying U.S. National Archives I will say NARA for short moving forward. So, this app pilot is part of the larger war
time films project. As a result of a grant from an anonymous donor NARA has been digitizing this really rich collection of early 20th Century and World
War One era content over the past few years. And much of it has really never been before
seen by the public. This includes over 100,000 photographs and also several hundred reels of film originally shot by the U.S. Signal Corps in the 1914 to 1920 time frame. So, we just really want to make sure that
all of this expertly digitized content is reaching different audiences, which is the
focus of the larger project itself. And that’s why we at Historypin were brought on as partners to help lead this engagement effort. And really short background on us we partner with institutions to run community‑led engagement efforts around local history and heritage
really with a focus on social impact. And just looking at these photographs it’s
just to look at some of the motion picture preservation team at work at the National Archives facility in College Park restoring and digitizing some of the films that we are now sharing through the app. Doing some amazing work. And so the Remembering World War I app pilot is a major component of this larger project. So, with the rich World War I films and photographs available for use kind of in light of this year’s 100‑year anniversary of the U.S.
entering World War I we chose to tie into the renewed interest in the conflict and also to local and national efforts focused on the centenary. I just want to show some examples of the NARA films and photographs that we are sharing in the app so you have an idea of some of
the richness of the sources available and the themes that we can help our audiences
explore. I will also dig into a little bit deeper later. This is an amazing photograph of the women’s machine gun squad police reserve in New York City during World War One. We also have an opportunity to explore race relations at that time compare life for minorities in service to life on the home front to take a look at the diverse regiments who served in the war as well. We can also explore late ‑‑ excuse me,
medical technology, soldier rehabilitation. We can also take a look at labor history and protests happening at the time as well. This is a photograph from our partners at
the Library of Congress. We have many, many great films of training
on the home front like this one depicting chemical war fare training in Camp Upton in New York. Of course liberty loan drives and propaganda on the home front of a major theme with participation from different minorities, children, even the American Library Association, the Red Cross, et cetera. This is a famous silent film star, Sessue
Hayakawa, at a liberty bond rally in Los Angeles. So, for this pilot, we have been engaging
teachers, museums and digital humanity scholars. We want teachers and educators like yourselves to use the app to enhance the lesson on World War One in the classroom. We would like museums to re‑use these materials to enrich the narrative around their own local World War One collections and on the back end we would love for humanity scholars to utilize and reuse all of the metadata that we are
generating from this content. As you just saw at the heart of this project
is just hundreds of moving images and thousands of photographs being preserved digitized by NARA curators. Before there was an app before we started
designing we talked to these NARA experts of the pictures and the films we would
be show casing to really learn about how we can best focus on the experience of the content itself. This is really one of the first cross unit
production for NARA with multiple units collaborating to make this possible. We also held external user design workshops to explore user journeys and use cases figuring out kind of the way that people would actually
want to interact with this content was the first step in determining our requirements
and our designs so we met with representatives from the three audiences groups including
having several teacher workshops making sure to talk with the people who would ultimately benefit the most from the end product. And we are also fortunate to have the opportunity to partner with the Library of Congress and Smithsonian Museum of American History who each provided their original World War One records for the app. This project is really the perfect opportunity to combine these rich openly licensed reusable content from across national institutions
in commemoration of the centennial. Them and our distribution partners that you can see here are really helping to ensure that our audiences are connected to the extensive collection of resources. So, a little bit into the app itself now. With World War One as our focus our priority
was to really gather collections together in a way that would enable people to tell
stories. And though I don’t need to tell you all this,
teachers and museums place significant importance on understanding historical documents, constructing
theses, finding documents to help explain those theses, so understanding this from our
user design process helped us identify goals for an application that would really speak
to both of these target audiences and the ways in which they would want to engage with
these records. And as you can see here from
the screen shot we have been working to correct theme collections based on World War I subjects
recommended during our app teacher workshops. And these collections will provide jumping
off points for content discovery, and can serve as inspiration for you. And to date we have about 80 collections in
here for you to go through. And all of the films uploaded into the app
have been segmented into clips for easier re‑use. Many of these clips have been enriched with
additional locations, subjects, and date information based on newly digitized production files
or shot lists for each film. Let me tell you it’s pretty amazing to go
through these original shot lists giving scene by scene information of who is in the clip, where it’s
taking place, et cetera, this is really the first time that those original documents are
being associated with the films themselves for an enriched browsing experience. As teachers and educators you can create your
own narrative collections reusing any of the NARA or partner content within the app. And this is an example of the edit collection
screen in the app. How you can give it a title, say who created
it, a description, you can add different chapters if you would like to break up your collection
narratively that way. And a quick note of ‑‑ about signing up. If you are a teacher, please be sure to just
click the “I am a teacher” the box next to I am a teacher and that will ensure that any
collections that you create and any collections that other teachers create will be gathered
in a dedicated section. So you will be able to more easily find what
other educators are creating in the app. And so we are seating as much of this content
as possible through our platform on Historypin which is location‑based. So, this gives you an additional way to access
the content, if you do not have access to tablets in your classroom, for example, you
will be able to find all of the same thematic collections here on Historypin as well. And I will go over this again a little briefly
towards the end. But I just wanted to mention it now. As you can see, that’s the same piece of content
within the app that was on Historypin. And you can also download the app, and find
additional resources. And also as you can see some World War One topics
on the National Archives website at archives.gov. This is just another place where you can access
more resources. Again I will share this at the end so you
can access this information together. And lastly I wanted to mention we held a recent
workshop on creating documentation for how teachers might use these primary sources as
part of a lesson in the classroom. We are in the process of getting these up
here as well. So, this is another place where you will be
able to find those. Now, I am going to stop sharing my screen
and now I think it’s a great opportunity to take a close are look at one of the photographs
that is featured in the app and see a closer analysis of that. So I will hand this over to Katie. Great. Thanks Kerri. Yes, we have a lot of incredible resources
in this app. The next question is: How do you bring these
into the classroom, and how do you have your students engage with these resources. One easy way of course is to introduce document
analysis. Here at the National Archives we have a couple
of tools in the form of worksheets that you can use to help your students engage with
primary sources of all types. Here we have our document analysis worksheet
for novice or younger students, as well as one for intermediate or secondary students. These worksheets take students through the
same four sets of questions, the same themes of questions no matter what type of primary
source they are looking at. They start by with observations, meeting the
photo, observing it trying to make sense of it and observing its part and then using it
as historical evidence. Let’s turn it back over to Kerri because we
also want to show some additional ways to explore the app in your classroom and hear
from you different ideas that you might have for how to bring this into your schools. Yes, so now we are just going to take a quick
look at an example of a thematic collection within the app, as I mentioned before, every
piece of content that we have uploaded into the app and onto Historypin has been put
into a thematic collection for easier reuse. And this is an example of one ‑‑ how one
typically looks if you were to enter a collection from the main app screen. And this is children’s activities in World
War I. You will see there will always be a landing
screen with a brief description, and background to the topic itself. And this screen that you see here is, as you
‑‑ as you scroll into the collection, you will have all of the descriptive metadata
that’s available to you. You will have the title, a description, we
have also added any pinner’s notes that we have in regards to location, date, et cetera
that we might have found in doing additional research. And you will have the date there, and there
will always be a link back to the original entry in the National Archives catalog as
well if you wanted to take a closer look at that. And, finally, we have also extensively tagged
every piece of content going in here as well. So you can always click on those to look at
related content. And so, further down, I have put these into
‑‑ I put the photographs into the slide show mode. This is an example of the slide show mode
that you can enter into in addition to that more detailed view that you saw earlier. And so, now, yeah we really want to hand it
over to you, we will hand over the controls so that you can browse through this yourself. But we really want you to be able to tell
us, you know, how you like to use this particular collection in the classroom. And already kind of thinking about ways off
the top of my head, it is you know this collection is really looking at how young people were
affected by this conflict on the home front, the ways that they participated, looking at
gender roles as well really important kind of were boys doing boy activities as it were,
girls doing more feminine activities as it were. And where did that blend? I think it’s really interesting as well to
have students take a look at those who are very similar in age themselves, also in school,
kind of what ‑‑ what essentially would I be doing if it were World War One now. Which I think is really interesting. And, yes, interesting point about showing
more of ‑‑ photos of students ‑‑ of children that would be closer to the students’
age. This is certainly ‑‑ I didn’t mention
an excerpt from this particular collection, so if you go into the collection itself, there
are tons more photographs that you will be able to access as well. And that is a good place where collection
creation could also come in for a teacher to create their own. If you want to be selective about the types
of photographs that you are using. If you don’t want to necessarily use a ready‑made
one that we have available for you. That’s exactly what you can do in terms of
creating our own collection that your students can browse. Someone mentioned language as being really
important. I totally agree. With those ‑‑ those particular photographs
of children pretending to lick the Kaiser also burning German newspapers, kind of ‑‑ there
are other examples of that within some of the thematic collections that we have too. There is an awesome one on surveillance, and
just how German citizens in the U.S. were really discriminated against
and spied on and harsh language was used and even in the NARA captioning it’s officially
kind of called “enemy activity” so taking a look at that language that would have been
used at the time is really important. But these are great. These are awesome so, thank you for sending
in these suggestions. There are some really great ones. Yes, again, these are one of the many collections
that you will have available to you both within the app and on Historypin. So, again if you don’t have access to tablets
in your school or in your class you are free to go on Historypin to have them access these
exact same collections on there as well. Yes, so you can pair these sources with document
analysis worksheets that Katie was showing earlier, you can create your own collection
if you would like to have these sources help answer a particular unit focus question that
you particularly have for your class. And I also wanted to stress that, ultimately
we want you to use these sources to make this time period come alive. We want you to help your students time travel
to this time period ‑‑ this app isn’t meant to be a substitute for a textbook. There will certainly ‑‑ and Katie will
show you all of these other fantastic resources that you can use to pair with this app, but
this app is really giving that visual experience and making that time period come alive. And they are there for you to build your own
narrative around them. And, yeah, that’s what I wanted to mention,
so thank you again for the suggestions. And so I guess now I can turn it over to Katie
who will talk a bit more about these other resources that you can use to pair with these
films and photographs. Great, thanks Kerri. Yes, the amount of content in the app is incredible
and so many fascinating entry points for students to think about World War One. Up next we are going to take a look at World
War One resources in DocsTeach.org so I have a quick poll to gauge your familiarity with
DocsTeach.org the online tool for teaching with documents from the National Archives. Okay here we go you should see the landing
page or your screen now. Yes, you can explore primary sources discover
activities that you can teach with and create your own engaging activities. Anyone can use this site to browse primary
sources and teaching activities created by the National Archives. But if you create a free account, you can
browse teaching activities created by other educators and even use primary sources to
create your own teaching activities. The activities in DocsTeach range from the
same document analysis questions that we saw on the worksheets to activities that get
students in that step of using primary sources as historical evidence. And really looking at primary sources like
historians, and linking docs together to see cause and effect and then fitting pieces together
to see the whole story. There are many different tools that hit different
levels of Bloom’s taxonomy and historical thinking skills and we will take a look at
a couple of examples. I want you to show you how to find the World
War One resources. If you go to popular topics you can see we
have compiled a lot of great topics here for you to explore there is a page all about World
War One. On this page you will find primary sources
arranged by topic as well as teaching activities. As well as a link back to the Remembering
World War One app. These collections overlap each other but not
everything can be found in both collections as we continue to grow what’s available in
the app and in DocsTeach. For an example of a teaching activity, we
can take a look at one about Americans on the home front helping to end World War I. Each teaching activity has the teacher page
where you can check out the suggested teaching instructions as well as see the grade level
the bloom taxonomy and thinking skills and era associated with the activity. And then if you press the start activity you
can see the student page where students receive different instructions. In this case students are matching documents
to 9 ways that Americans on the home front could help win World War One. And this activity they will actually click
on the different documents to make matches and can click on the little square with the
arrow icon to view the document in its entirety. When students are done, if you have a DocsTeach
account they can actually submit their responses to your questions or wrap up questions to
you on the website and you can review their responses online. So, this is a great way to get students engaging
with primary sources in a different way. We can also take a look at another type of
activity which is this one here comparing World War One food conservation posters. This is a compare and contrast activity. Where students will view two different posters
that seem to be the same until we see that it is actually printed in different languages. And then students can ‑‑ you can use these
discussion questions as the starting place with the students to think about why the U.S.
food administration might have created posters in different languages. And pick up, use those document analysis skills
to see what other features they observe in the posters. So whether having students work on these activities
on their own as a class activity, they offer some great ways to engage with documents and
help students get used to analyzing primary sources and using them as historical evidence. That is, very quickly, DocsTeach.org. There are a couple of guides for you on how
to create the teaching activities, walk through the step by step process, and if it’s something
that you are interested in, makes it pretty easy for you to do. I want to share one other resource here at
the National Archives related to World War One This one is from the Center for Legislative
Archives, which provides preserves and provides access to the records of Congress. This here is a ‑‑ let’s see. There we go. This is a draft of eBook that the Center is
currently working on about America and the World: Foreign Affairs in Political Cartoons
1898 to 1940 this features the cartoons of Clifford Berryman In this eBook you will find a great collection of political
cartoons related to World War One as well as some background information and analysis and
discussion questions. This can be another tool and another lens
at looking at World War One in your classroom. I am going to go ahead and hand the controls
back over to Kerri, I think there are a couple of other things that she wanted to share as
well. So I just wanted to, again, show you Historypin
just so you have a little better sense of how to navigate this this particular collection. Again, if you don’t have access to a tablet
this site is available to you and as you can see here (indicating) you will find all of
the same collections as they are on the app you can see some from the Library of Congress. And then these are arranged by location. You can see the map on the left. So, this gives you a really great way to explore
these primary sources geographically. And so the way this works in particular
is that as you move the map on the left, the content will appear on the right if it is
located within that particular map view. So, if I wanted to zoom in and just take a
look at that ‑‑ those couple of pieces of content. In Florida, that’s how you would narrow that
down. There’s a filter at the top as well, these
are arranged by most popular but you can also look at recently added, A to Z. And also I want to give ‑‑ go into one
of these collections. Here are some propaganda posters like the
one Katie was just showing you. This is the look if you went into the collection. You see all of the posters here (indicating)
anything on Historypin and you scroll down, you see that there is the description who
contributed it. The rough dates. Rough location. All of the tags, all of the metadata. The fact that these are amazingly in the public
domain as is everything else within this collection. Who created it. Which government organization did. The link back to the catalog again all of
the same information that you will be finding within the app as well. And also, going to the archives.gov page for
the World War One centennial, so much like how DocsTeach has that World War One topics page there is also a more
general centennial landing page where you can find out about what is happening within
the World War One celebrations it will certainly link back to the DocsTeach page as well. You can see the link the page for the app
here where you can go to download it. We also designed some really awesome posters
if you would like to print those where you are, also a brochure that you can distribute
to fellow colleagues. Fellow teachers. A short video to learn more about the app. So, yes, this is just some other resources
that are available to you and really quickly I just want to go back and browse. Because there is ‑‑ there is just so much
‑‑ so much great stuff. And it’s ‑‑ it’s really hard to go through
all of these and not lose a couple of hours, certainly. Something that you can do in the app and on
Historypin as well, if you want to filter by only films or only photographs, you can
do that. So, you can type in “video” to only see film
clips. So, yeah you can direct your students here
to take a look at a particular collection, a particular clip et cetera. But yeah that’s what I wanted to share. And please, if you have any questions
Also I just wanted to say we have thrown a lot of resources at you today, and hopefully
you will find some things that you can bring in to your teaching of this topic. I know sometimes the pacing for World War
One means that we can’t include everything but hopefully we will leave you with new tools
and ideas and primary sources that you can share with your students. And I think there’s a way both of these
resources can work together, whether it is using DocsTeach to take a closer look at primary
sources that students have discovered in the app or having students utilize the app as
introduction to a variety of topics or to conduct their own research on World War One,
there’s a lot of ways these two tools can have some interplay together. So thank you so much for joining us this even
evening. We appreciate you taking the time to chat
with us and learn about these resources. Yes, thank you so much again for
coming in and viewing what we have. It is a lot of amazing stuff. And wanted to just reinforce it’s all free,
it’s in the public domain, so, it is really here for you to use in any way that you can.

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