Science in the Classroom Annotator Walkthrough
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Science in the Classroom Annotator Walkthrough


Welcome to our walkthrough of the newly redesigned
Science in the Classroom website. Here you will find annotated scientific papers,
much like the one you are about to do for us! On the homepage, these papers are grouped
by the most recent annotated content, our most popular papers, and papers with data
activities or multimedia enhancements. These will be described in more detail later
in this video, but for now I also want to introduce you to our partners. Science in the Classroom has official partnerships
with Howard Hughes Medical Institute Biointeractive, with iBiology, and with the US Library of
Congress. We encourage you to work with these partners
to embed resources throughout your annotations. Other good sources of information are the
Journal of Visualized Experiments, or JoVE, and the National Center for Case Study Teaching
in Science. Let’s walk through one of the Science in the
Classroom annotated research articles. Each article has the same anatomy in that
they each include an Editor’s Title and Introduction. These are written by the annotator and are
meant to engage the reader and entice them to read on. We also provide the reader with publication
information about the original paper, as well as the text of the original paper, which has
not been altered in any way. In addition, we include all of the original
figures with their original captions. What makes this different, however, is that
we’ve provided the users with something we call the Learning Lens. The Learning Lens has several different annotation
categories that you can toggle on and off based on what you’re interested in learning
more about. For the purposes of this walkthrough I’m toggling
all of the Lenses on so that we can see the paper in its full glory. When you’re annotating for us, we always stress
that no description is too simple. In addition, we recommend that annotators
leave very little unannotated “white space” when all Learning Lenses are turned on. Let’s explore these Learning Lens annotations! Here, I’ll click on one of the highlighted
pieces of text in the article. If I click on “reef building corals,” it will
pop up an annotation with the Leaning Lens. This provides a more in-depth explanation
presented at a level appropriate for an introductory undergraduate audience. Later on in your annotator training, each
Learning Lens will be described in more detail, and you’ll be shown examples of excellent
annotations along with some annotations that could use a bit of work. In addition to the annotations provided within
each of the Learning Lenses, all of the figures in the paper are accompanied by a set of tabs. These tabs provide a more in-depth explanation
of the methodology, data visualization, and results and conclusions set forth in the figure. Here, we see that the annotator has chosen
to highlight experimental design, the resulting response of the coral to experimental conditions,
and finally a more detailed explanation of the statistical analysis used in this figure. As you annotate the paper you have selected,
we ask that you provide tabs for each figure–ideally 4 tabs or more. You can choose to highlight whatever aspect
of the figure you think is most important, and we encourage you to include questions
throughout, asking the user to think more about how the information is being presented
and how the results compare to other figures in the paper. You’ve probably also noticed that this resource
has supplementary materials. Our partner here was HHMI Biointeractive. Embedding some of their multimedia resources
has greatly enhanced the annotated research article, and we encourage you to consider
supplementary materials for your paper as well. I did want to highlight the References and
Notes Learning Lens, with annotations found at the bottom of the page. This is an annotated reference section, meaning
that the annotator can use this Lens to highlight key papers in the body of work supporting
the current research. In addition, this is a space for annotators
to note how the current paper contributed to the overall body of knowledge surrounding
this research question. This helps highlight the process of science–prior
work is used to guide research direction, and new research, in turn, contributes to
our understanding. Each of our annotated papers comes with a
set of article tools which we can see at the top of the page. We’ve been focusing on the paper. Many of our articles have accompanying data
activities. These allow for hands-on exploration of data
analysis and statistics, typically using a simplified set of data from the original paper. In many cases, annotators work with one of
the authors of the original paper to produce these activities, and we’re happy to facilitate
that effort if you’re interested. Other high-quality data activities freely
accessible from the web can also be included with your paper, like the ones we see here
from HHMI Biointeractive. Each Science in the Classroom article also
comes with an Educator Guide. These guides highlight applicable standards
from learning frameworks, typically focusing on the practice of science, as well as some
of the core disciplinary ideas within STEM fields. In addition, they provide a summary of the
article for the educator, as well as a set of high level discussion questions for the
educator to use in class. The standards and discussion questions may
be the most challenging part of the annotation process. But, our Annotator Guide and videos will help
walk you through it. Using the Download PDF tool, we also allow
Science in the Classroom users to download a PDF copy of the original, unannotated research
article, without requiring membership to AAAS. We thank the Science Editorial team for making
this available to educators and students alike. The final article tool available for each
of our resources is related science news. If this research was highlighted in popular
science articles, like those you might find in National Geographic, Science News, or Scientific
American, we link those articles back to the resource. This tool helps the user explore the research
from the article in a broader scientific and societal context. We try as best we can to keep these as current
as possible. Anything that you find that is related to
your article can be included here, as well as within the News and Policy Links Learning
Lens. Before you go, I’d like to introduce you to
Collections, a new feature at Science in the Classroom that we’re particularly excited
about. These Collections provide groupings of annotated
papers, external resources, and activities, all centered on a specific theme. Collections can encompass any theme that is
relevant to Science in the Classroom, anything from a field of research to a showcase of
a method or technique–we’re always looking for more Collections, so if you have an idea
and would like to put one together, please get in touch! This concludes our walkthrough, and thank
you for joining me.

About James Carlton

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