How to Write IELTS Essay Introductions – The Quick & Easy Way!
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How to Write IELTS Essay Introductions – The Quick & Easy Way!

Hello everyone, I’m Jade. What we’re talking
about today is writing introductions. And I’m going to give you three ways that you can
write introductions, and you can use any of these three ways to answer an IELTS exam
for the discursive essay or discursive essay questions in the CAE exam. So let’s take a look at the kind of question
I’m talking about. I’ll read the question to you first of all. “In Britain,
elderly people may go to live in a home with other old people where nurses
look after them. Sometimes the government has to pay for this care. Who do you
think should pay for this care?” And then in the IELTS question it would say:
“Give reasons and support your answer with your own opinions.” So this is a discursive essay. And if you
look at it, there are two… There are two sides in the question. The first side is the
government paying for the care. And the other… The other side is implied, doesn’t… Doesn’t
tell us who the other side is. But if the government’s not paying, it’s implying that
it’s the… The children of the elderly people. So: “children of elderly people.” So, in all
these discursive essays, there’s going to be some kind of opposition; one side and a
different side. So now we found the two sides, the two ways of looking
at this question. And what we’re going to look at now is the
first way that you can answer this question in an introduction. Because what happens is
when you get there and you’re writing an exam, many people just get stuck and they don’t
know what to write for the introduction; they don’t know how to begin. And, of course, you
can waste time if you don’t know what to say. So what some people do is basically just rewrite
the question and just maybe change a couple of words, but it’s not really
an introduction if you do that. So let’s look at rhetorical questions. You
can use a rhetorical question to write an introduction. What’s a “rhetorical question”?
I think I just made a rhetorical question. It’s when you… When you speak directly to
the reader, asking a question, but of course the reader’s not going to be able to answer
you, so you answer the reader in the course of your argument. So it’s taking the question and
making your own question out of it, essentially. So, an easy way to do it is by using: “should”
to form your question. So remember we’ve got two sides, we’ve got an opposition. We’ve got
government paying for the care and we’ve got the children of elderly people
paying for the… For the care. So here we go, here’s the first example:
“Should the government or family pay for the care of elderly people?” So, in my
answer, I’ve called them “family” here, it’s a little bit… It’s a little bit
more direct and succinct, rather than saying: “children of elderly people”.
So there’s one example. “Should the government be responsible
for providing care for elderly people?” I forgot my question mark there. You don’t
need to write your rhetorical question with “should”. You could use other question structures.
For example: “Is it the responsibility of government to pay for the care of elderly
people?” You don’t have to use “should”, but I find “should” is an easy… Easy way to
generate your question. But then, you know, that’s not the whole introduction;
you need to say something else. What do you say then? Well, you follow with
the context. So, what’s the context of this? Well, it’s telling us what happens in Britain,
elderly people go to homes and the government pays or sometimes the family pay, but maybe
there’s a different context in other countries. For example: the country you’re from. Again,
it’s implying that, that it’s not the same system everywhere in the world. So you could…
You could bring this context into the next sentence in your introduction. So here is some sentences you can use for
writing about the context. And I haven’t… I haven’t finished the sentences, I’ll
just improvise some endings. For example: “This question” – talking about the rhetorical
question – “generates a lot of debate because…” and now I’m going to improvise. “This question
generates a lot of debate because the care for elderly people is very, very” –
not very, very – “is very expensive.” Or you could say: “Opinion is
divided about this issue because some families cannot afford to pay for the
care of their elderly relatives. For this reason, it’s not fair to expect them to pay.”
Something like that, another improvised answer. Or what about this one? In your subject, you
can use a group. Okay? You don’t have to say: “I think”, you don’t have to use your own
subjectivity. So you could say something like: “Most people” or you could, borrowing the
authority of somebody else, you could say: “politicians” or we could refer to someone
relevant in the answer. We could say: “Most elderly people”, for example. Here we go:
“Most people think that…” Improvising here: “Most people think that the government should
pay for the care of elderly people because elderly people have worked and paid taxes
all their lives so it’s only fair.” I don’t know if most people think that, but
it’s your essay, you can say what you like. So when you… When you’ve written your statement
with the context, that’s… Will give you a few lines and that’s enough for an introduction.
And then you can move on to the main body of your… Of your essay. But what we look at
next is the other ways of writing an introduction for your IELTS or CAE exam. Let’s have a look at the second way to write an
introduction. So I just left some key phrases from the question at the top here. Remember,
we have an opposition: the government pays for the care or the family pays for the care.
So if you are uncomfortable doing a rhetorical question, you might want to consider this way
which I’m calling the “While Introduction”. And this is the structure for writing this
kind of introduction, there are three parts to make your introduction. The first part is you need to write a context
sentence and you can do that in the present simple. The second part is a “While” sentence
for contrast. And the third part is a statement of opinion. So we’re going to look
at those three different parts now. So, one: context sentence, present simple. So,
here you’re expressing some kind of general fact about the situation. “The care of
elderly people is expensive therefore, there is debate about who should pay for it.”
We put commas before “therefore”. You’re not using: “I think” or anything like this. This is
just a general statement about the situation. Remember that in Britain, elderly people go to
live in a home sometimes and the government sometimes pays for them. Well, you’re just
adding a little bit of opinion there, saying it’s expensive, you’re… You’re sharing us
what the problem is if you… If you do that. So there… There you
have your context. Then we get to the part where we need to make
the “While” sentence for contrast, and this is where we show the two positions; some people
think this, some people think that. Let’s have a look. So this would be your
sentence or something similar: “While some people think that the government
should pay, others think that the family should pay.” So, what you do is
you need to put the two sides of the argument into your “While” sentence.
So here I put “some people” and I’m contrasting it with “others”, “others”. But we could…
We could vary this. We could also say: “many people” or we could even say: “elderly people”.
We could include… We could include the group of people that the question’s actually talking
about. So, we need to make the opposition and we do that by mentioning here the other
side of the situation, the family should pay like that. When you write a “While” sentence,
there will always be a comma in between your first clause and
your second clause. So then what do you do? You need to give a
statement of opinion to close this introduction. So you can use… You can use this phrase to
get you started, you can say: “In my opinion”. “In my opinion, there are strong
arguments on both sides…” So you would continue that, saying something
about why you think one side is strong. I think this kind of thing is really good for
an IELTS answer. If you are at university level, you need to be writing something more
sophisticated, but I’m giving you just a template you can use in your answers so that you don’t
get stuck. And if you follow this template, you’ll get a good score in your essays. Oh,
well the introduction will be good at least. So here’s another option, you could say: “In
my opinion, the government” – or you could choose a different subject -, “the family
should pay as…” blah, blah, blah. So here, you’re including in the introduction
what you actually think. You’re showing us how you’re going to argue in the rest of the
essay or what you’re going to discuss in the rest of the essay. If you say something like
this: “In my opinion, there are strong arguments on both sides”, we don’t really know where
you’re going with your answer yet. Maybe you don’t know yet and that’s why you’re choosing
that. If you say: “In my opinion, the family should pay…” blah, blah, blah, then we know
that throughout your argument, that’s what you’re going for; you’re going to make the case
that it’s the responsibility of the family. So when we come back, we’re going to look at
the third and final way that you can use… A template that you can follow to write
an introduction for IELTS or CAE. Now we’re going to look at the final way that
I have for you to write an introduction for your IELTS or CAE. So, often, these kind of
questions are really set up for you to be able to bring in your own experience from
your own country, so you can contrast the cultures between Britain and where you’re
from, for example. So, I’ve called this third option: “Sharing experience/contrasting
cultures”. So remember the question was set up in a way that said: “In Britain, the government
generally pays for the care of elderly people”? Well, maybe it’s different in your country
so we can use this structure for making an introduction. The first part is a context sentence about
your country. So the question told us what it’s like in Britain. What’s it like in your
country? The next part is a “However” contrast sentence, so contrasting sentence. And the
last part of the introduction is you giving a statement of opinion. Which system or which
culture do you think is best? Effectively, so let’s look at
those sentences. For the context sentence about your country,
I’m just going to put a country here. “In ___________ the family is responsible
for” – missed that word – “for the care of their elderly parents.” Well, I
spent some time in Nepal and I can tell you that there, the family is responsible.
They have a very different system; the way they live is very different. So, in fact, I
don’t have to be from Nepal to say that. It’s not like I’m talking about my country;
doesn’t have to be your country to make this kind of… To use this kind of structure. So, for
example: “In Nepal the family is responsible for the care of their elderly parents, therefore
they must pay for their care.” It’s not an option for the government to pay for the
care here. So there’s a context sentence. Then show the contrast. That’s what it’s like
in Nepal, what’s it like in Britain? And you can use what was said in the
question to be able to answer that. “However, in Britain the situation is different.”
– Yeah, we know it’s different because the government can pay for the care – “Perhaps
because family life is different.” You could go on to discuss this more in the
main body of your essay. You don’t… You don’t definitely… Essentially, you don’t
need that so much, that’s just like a little bit extra. You could just leave it like that.
“However, in Britain the situation is different.” And then you can give your opinion. Which
way or which system is better? So whatever you think. “In my opinion,
the government should pay for the care of elderly people
because…” blah, blah, blah. So what I’ve tried to do is break down the
structure of an introduction for you because a lot of people just get really stuck and
they don’t know what to write because you see this question there and you don’t
really know how to put it together. So what can you take away from today’s lesson? You
can think… You can think about an introduction as something with a beginning, and a middle, and
an end, and a structure that you can follow. Plus, you can take away some of the set phrases
that I’ve given you so that you can include those in your introductions in the
future when you’re writing something. But what you can do now is, of course, go to
the engVid website where you can do a quiz on this lesson. So that will prepare you for
writing introductions for your exams. And what I’d also like you to do is subscribe here
on my engVid channel and also on my personal channel. I’ve got lots and lots of videos on
my personal channel about learning English, other things as well, accents, a variety of
things for you to enjoy there. So, yes, we’re finished now. I’m just going to go fishing.
I’ll see you later.

About James Carlton

Read All Posts By James Carlton

100 thoughts on “How to Write IELTS Essay Introductions – The Quick & Easy Way!

  1. Thank you very much Ms. Jade. I really like the 2nd and 3rd part on how to make an Intro. I'm quite skeptical regarding the use of rhetorical questions because some other sites says that its informal in academic writing. >_<

  2. Thank you!!
    Really help for my IELTS test~
    Because every time i only get writing 5.5 not above @@, but my goal is at least 6.5

  3. God! I hate when it when your writing something down, it sounds amazing, but then you read it and it's shit! -_-

  4. You are an awesome lecturer, Jade, I have to say. I learnt so much by listening to your introduction talk about how to write an essay for the IELTS test.
    As I had noticed that I have a little problem of writing the essay, and thats why I am started to relearning the basic of Grammar and learning how to complete the tense together.

    However, I think this lecture of essay is very good kick start for me to learn how to focus on the key words, as I often mixed things all over the places.
    Thanks again and keep up the good work and I will be follow you on the next video.

  5. If I get a teacher like her then I will have 100% attendance in her class. She is a good teacher and an extremely beautiful looking women as well.

  6. It is foolish to raise any questions against her teachings and designing lessons. However, there, in my experience, is one thing to comment that she mostly speaks with very fluctuating intonation so that some of her speeches can't be caught up with normal listening. I mostly need it to repeat it. Maybe, this is my drawback.

  7. Hello Jade, what do you think about how I wrote my introduction Please, be extremely honest 🙂
    "It is becoming more common nowadays, people when get old go to live with other old people; and they are cared by nurses. In many countries, the government has encouraged and supported this idea paying for the caring. This essay will discuss and provide some arguments for and against the theme."

  8. Thank you for sharing your lesson with us. I great beginning for me and maybe everyone who viewed your video was able to learn and grabbed the information needed to help us write an introduction to essay.

  9. I think 2 is best for writing IELTS essay, just my opinion. By the way, Dear Jade, could you please teach us how to write body for an essay(either discussion or argument essay)?
    Guys, if you are interested, please thumb up so that Jade can see it.

  10. a beauty of english woman emanated from you. your beauty is my insparation to study english better and better…all my tiredness has gone when i see teacher

  11. Another very very important and always useful thing with Jade is that listening to her with the transcript regularly enables to make sense or understand almost all sort of native English. This is one of the most essential property of her teaching. I suggest not avoiding as far as possible.

  12. Dear Jade,

    Firstly, thank you for your effort. i would like to clear something in the example you mentioned, the question is very clear, is asking about what you think. that mean we should clear our opinion in the introduction.
    Secondly, this essay is a discussion type. why you converted it to argument type ??


  13. Take it easy bro! don't get me wrong I like the way you teach , but it seems you are just a bit nervous , aren't you!? kiss

  14. Am I the only one who thinks these introductions would be too simple for a CAE essay? Correct me if I'm wrong.

  15. thanks it's nice. i really need help in essay writing for my competitive exam for this im practicing and writing something daily basis so that i really need help to correct my writing and if anyone interest for practicing in it with me i will appreciate it my skype for english essay practice only so please… my id usman.musazai

  16. Hello, Jade. Thank you for your videos about an IELTS exam. I've been preparing for the exam for some time and I find them incredibly helpful.

  17. I wish I could watch your video in high school, so I just needed to pay for internet and a good computer only. I hate so much to be born that early.

  18. Amazing! I didn't know, at least for the examples given, here in Rhode Island we speak pretty much exactly 🙂 the northern English accent.

  19. hello jade. thankz 4 teachin me becoz i am better at englishing now and essay is good fo me thanks very much.

  20. Essay writing service that can do anything!
    Discount 25% OFF for your order. Use: ERGDIPU3165

  21. for some GODDAMN reason my brain memorized children as children?? EXPLANATIONSS?? (nothing to do with the vid XD I just got triggered when she wrote children)

  22. Hello, friends, I'm well and I hope you all of fine,
    I want to improve my English, so I wish you text me on whatsapp or imo

  23. Hi Jade I loved your videos, so informative and educational. Will you be able to make a video on how to write an SOP for applying to university?

  24. Hi Jade. I have an important question :
    can I start a sentence with a conjunction such as : so/but/and… in a formal writing or during an Ilets exam ?
    Thanks in advance

  25. I usually listen to BBC for IELTS and I observed most of the times the words are euphony but your speaking is so different and initially I felt difficulty to understand what you are speaking why it so?. Moreover, in BBC reporters are belong to England. What is difference between you and other speakers who are in England?

  26. @JADE- Hi jade! your video on essay introduction is writing is awesome.I have one issue, I write one essay a day, but there is no one to help me with my essay, whether it's correct/formal/informal.Could you help me analysing my essays?

  27. that fishing thing😂 thank you for your help 🌷 however it is like you're forced to do this video 😐 I mean you were kind of tired 😴 I suggest you to put more enthusiasm and energy into your videos 😅 thanks again ❤

  28. Why there is fuss about writing introduction of essay, it is simple and easy. It is three step process which is given below.

    1) General statement or universal truth about question
    2) Paraphrase question in your words.
    3) Write you opinion plus your plan

  29. DO v always get a discursive essay in IELTS .
    Some of the questions do not have a 2 side opinion(agree-disagree) such as "Teenage driving causes many accidents.hat do you think are the causes and suggest solutions". Are these type of questions (not presenting alternative opinions but on a fact) discursive as vell ?

  30. Sometimes when our thoughts resonate…., I have also ended saying "opinion" in my intro.

    The universities must pay their utmost attention to the content delivered to these students. Opinion is divided in regards to the source of the teaching content, with some believing that the teaching should focus on job skills and others advocating for access to knowledge. I believe that the university should be independent from the forces of the job market because university is not a vocational center.

  31. MA'AM I have 2 doubts
    1. can I use bullets to give some facts or statistical data ?
    2. is this format ok
    intro, pros ,cons, conclusion …i.e to compare both side of the situation n then drawing a a topic should fast foods be banned ???
    plz hlp

  32. I like the way you talking and explaining things.
    I tried to follow your pronounciation when i hang out with people.
    Can i get your skype ID?
    I love to ask you more questions about preparing the test.
    Thank you!

  33. Can I be provided with some paper to use as a draft to write my essay and then transfer my writings to the exam paper?

  34. mam u r soo sweet and i am not able to concentrate in essay because you r soo prety and the way in which you talk…

  35. What is wrong with this community..all comments are.."you are beautiful and I love you."
    Guys, for real, we are here to learn not to make her an eye candy for men…

  36. Thanks for the lesson, however, I have a couple of questions, hope you could reply. 1) How is this a discursive essay if the question reads "what do you think"? In my opinion, this should be approached as an opinion essay. 2) In the first way of writing you said it's better to avoid "I think". Won't it affect TA? Question asks what do I think, not most people.
    3) I thought you were supposed to mention your theses in the introduction, but neither of those intros gives any understanding of author's position.

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