Hi, this is Maritez! In this video, I will
teach you how to write an effective academic summary paragraph. Remember that a summary
needs to be clear to someone who has not seen the original text. Include all of the author’s
main points and leave out the minor details, including dates, numbers, statistics, and
figures. A good summary is brief and concise. It’s important that you paraphrase the author’s
main points. That means you use your own words, phrases, and sentence structure. There should
not be any quoting and copying. If you are copying, then you are not paraphrasing. You
want to avoid plagiarism. Effective summaries are objective, so don’t add your opinion or
reaction. Save that for the response essay. Avoid changing the meaning of the original.
Here are 5 Steps to Writing a Summary. First, read the original text several times until
you fully understand it. Take notes and look up any words you don’t know in a dictionary.
Step 2, decide what the author’s most important points are. Step 3 is to write your summary
from your notes instead of the original text to avoid plagiarism. Step 4, check your summary
against the original to make sure that you have used different words but have not changed
the meaning. Also make sure that you included all of the author’s main points. The last
step is to revise and edit your summary for errors in grammar, punctuation, clarity, capitalization,
and spelling. A summary paragraph should follow good paragraph structure. The topic sentence
should state the source information, including the author with both first and last name,
the title, and the genre as well as the author’s main idea or thesis. The supporting sentences
should state the author’s main points following the same order. Lastly, the concluding sentence should give the author’s conclusion. When writing your summary, use reporting verbs
to introduce the author’s points. You can refer to the author by their last name, “the
author”, or he or she… only if you know! Use transitional words and phrases to show
how ideas are connected, and make sure you use them with correct grammar. Consider this
example: The author argues that potty training a child is one of the hardest things to do.
However, once your child learns how, you can say goodbye to diapers. The reporting verb
used here is “argues” and the transitional word is “however.” Please refer to the handy
chart with more example sentences that I have provided on Moodle.