Difference Between Self-Contained And Inclusion Classrooms | Special Education Decoded
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Difference Between Self-Contained And Inclusion Classrooms | Special Education Decoded

– Hey there, I’m Luke. Today, we’re gonna be
talking about a decision that parents are faced
with every single time an IEP meeting is held. Should my child be in a self-contained, or inclusion classroom. Now, like most things
in special education, you may be asking yourself,
what are these two terms, and what are the differences? By the end of this video, you will have the answers
to these questions and a lot more. We’re gonna spend time
defining both self-contained and inclusion classrooms, along with discussing what they look like in the school setting. We’re gonna discuss some
of the pros and cons of each of those environments. We’re also gonna go
through how you as a parent can help to make the best
decision for your child. Lastly, we’ll provide answers
to some common questions involving both the
self-contained classroom and the inclusion classroom. All of this, in today’s episode of
Special Education Decoded. (upbeat music) All right, let’s dive into these two
different classroom settings. Let’s start with how this decision even comes to light in the first place. After a student goes
through the testing process, and are found eligible for
special education services, the IEP team has to decide
on a placement for the child and it’s important to consider the LRE. What is the LRE? Least Restrictive
Environment within the IEP, or Individualized Education Plan. The Least Restrictive Environment
is what classroom setting would allow your child to
reach their ultimate success. I bring this acronym up
because it’s very common when having a discussion
around classroom settings. So what does a self-contained
classroom look like today? Well many years ago, most
special education students were in self-contained
classrooms for most of the day or all the day. However, that landscape
has changed significantly over the years. Self-contained classroom is a classroom where a special education teacher is responsible for the instruction
of all academic subjects. A self-contained classroom
is typically separated from general education classrooms, but within the same school building. Simple enough right? Now let’s discuss the advantages as well as the disadvantages
to a self-contained classroom. Let’s start with the advantages of self-contained classrooms. Number one, the students may have more
of an adaptive curriculum, that’s curriculum that
fits their learning needs. Number two, the teacher has the freedom to be flexible and adjust the schedule
within the classroom. Number three, the teacher may be able to
group more than one subject together into one larger session. Number four, the teacher and
the student may have a more personable relationship with
having a smaller class size. Number five, students are given an
alternative state assessment or bench mark test. They may not be required to
take the same assessments as the general education students. Number six, students will
have interaction with others in their classroom and
possibly be able to participate in special classes or electives such as, Art, Music, Library, PE. Now let’s move on to the disadvantages of self-contained classrooms. Number one, students are
not able to interact solely with their peers in the
general education setting. Number two, students may not
get to attend those specials and electives with their
general education peers. They may have to attend a specific time, different than their grade level. Students may be in a classroom
with multiple grade levels and maturity levels. Okay. So far we’ve taken a deep dive into self-contained classrooms. Now let’s talk about the collaborative or inclusion classroom. An inclusion classroom is where the special education
students are included or mainstreamed within the
general classroom students. Different options for students within an inclusion classroom
setting could include, 100% fully inclusive. This is where students who
spend all of their time in the general education
classroom setting. These students receive support services within the classroom. The support is provided by
the special education teacher, during the student’s academic blocks. Collaborative services are available for a certain amount of
time within the classroom. Then we have 70 to 90% inclusive. These are students are in the general education
classroom setting 70 to 90% of the time. Students can be pulled by
the special education teacher to another classroom. Most commonly used today within
the public school system. Students may need
remediation or resource time for a certain amount of the class period. Last we have 40 to 70% inclusive. These students may have
another outside placement or spend part of their day in
a self-contained classroom. As an example, a student could spend their
morning at an alternative school and be transitioned back
into the school system by taking one course in the
general education setting. Now that we’ve gone through what the term inclusion classroom refers to
let’s look at some advantages and disadvantages of this
particular classroom setting. Start with the advantages
of the inclusion classroom. They are number one, your child will be taught
the same curriculum as their peers. Number two, your child will
be able to socially interact with their grade level peers. Number three, your child will
be exposed to more diversity within the classroom. Now onto the disadvantages
of an inclusion classroom. Number one, students may have
a difficult time keeping up in the general education setting. Number two, students may get frustrated
and possibly disruptive within the classroom if they
don’t understand the material. Number three, students are
often in a larger classroom and the teacher may not have time to offer individual attetntion. Number four, parents are
concerned about their student and the amount of support given within the general education setting. The amount of support
depends on the amount of time the special education
students are spending in the general education setting
as we discussed previously. So how is this placement
or classroom environment that a student goes into
different today than in the past? Well today most schools
push for students to be in an inclusion classroom
if at all possible. There aren’t as many
children placed in a fully self-contained room
anymore as this setting is mainly reserved for kids who have more severe developmental
and academic concerns. As a parent, you have the
right in making the decision that is best for your child. To aid in that decision, let’s go through some common questions and answers dealing with
a self-contained classroom and inclusion classroom. First, what if I am
unsure about this decision and need more guidance? As a parent you are part of the IEP team. Together as an IEP team you can decide what is best for your child. Also, ask school officials. Many school officials
are able to give advice and suggestions based on
what they think would be best for your child. Next, what if my child is
struggling more in one subject than another, could we
differentiate services? Absolutely. Your child can have both. Some students receive resourced
or self-contained services for reading, but receive
collaborative services or inclusion, general education for math. Next, can I increase or decrease services after an IEP is written? Yes, as a parent you can
call an IEP meeting anytime that you feel a change in
services or placements are needed. A special education
teacher can call a revision to add or decrease the amount of services for that student as well. Next, will my child continue
to get services and help if they transition to another school or the middle or high school? Absolutely! Your child will receive
special education services as they travel throughout
the school system, unless of course, they test out of special
education services. That’s it. I truly hope this video
helped you understand exactly the differences between
self-contained classrooms and inclusion classrooms. If you like what you saw, please, please consider subscribing to our channel and share this video. If you have any suggestions
on what you’d like to see in a video, please leave a comment. And also if you have any questions, please leave a comment or
you can contact us directly using the contact information located down in the description of this video. We absolutely love interacting
with our incredible community and strive to help simplify
the crazy, murky world of special education. From all of us at specialedresource.com, thank you for watching this episode of Special Education Decoded. We’ll see ya next time.

About James Carlton

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2 thoughts on “Difference Between Self-Contained And Inclusion Classrooms | Special Education Decoded

  1. I'm a kid and I am in self contained and I'm watching this I am in SC6 one grade and I go into a general education for sci and soc .st my teacher did 5/6 SC Last Year

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